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Review Brink’s Unified Theory of NutritionOf the many theories related to weight loss, one of the most comprehensive ideas is Brink’s Unified Theory of Nutrition. It states the following:
“Total calories dictates how much weight a person gains or loses; macro nutrient ratios dictates what a person gains or loses."This theory was developed by Will Brink, a popular nutrition guru that has written articles for a variety of health, fitness, and medical publications. Brink has also co-authored several health and nutrition studies published in academic journals, and he serves as a consultant to several major pharmaceutical companies.
This theory is a unified theory, meaning that it combines aspects from two or more seemingly incompatible theories into one over-arching concept: nutrition and weight loss. The first school of thought is one that believes that “a calorie is a calorie.” In other words, they believe that it doesn’t matter what the source of one’s calories is, whether they be from protein, fat, or carbohydrates. One should be able to lose as much weight as he or she desires by simply decreasing the number of calories he or she takes in. The other school of thought would say that gaining and losing weight has everything to do with the source of the calorie. Under this theory, some calories are bad and some are good, and to lose weight, one must lessen the amount of bad calories he or she consumes. Under Brink’s Theory, one should decrease their calorie intake in total to lose weight, but he or she must also pay attention to the type of calories taken in to determine what type of weight will be lost. This theory is supported by several weight loss studies. The studies have found that people on a high protein low carbohydrate diet will lose the same total weight as people on a high carbohydrate low protein diet, but that the first group (higher protein) will lose more fat and less muscle than the second group (higher carbohydrate). His theory leads to several important conclusions about weight loss and dieting:
- The ideal diet should be designed so that the individual loses fat but retains lean body mass.
- The total intake of calories cannot be ignored when constructing a diet, but the type of calories consumed should be considered equally important.
- Specific diets can be designed according to the needs of the individual. For example, someone that wishes to build muscle but lose fat needs to take in a high amount of protein and low amount of carbohydrates and fat, while also performing exercises to build up his or her muscle mass.