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Diabetes Problems, Symptoms and DietsDiabetes is a disease in which the glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high. The hormone insulin usually keeps the blood glucose at the right level. But people with diabetes either can’t produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin well enough, so their blood sugar raises too high. Navigation:
Major Types of Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
Diets for People with Diabetes
Exercise Helps Control Diabetes Uncontrolled diabetes can cause heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, and the need for lower-limb amputations. Major Types of Diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes This used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes typically starts in childhood or early adulthood, but it can affect people of any age. It is caused by the body’s own immune system attacking the cells that produce insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin regularly in order to regulate their sugar levels, because their bodies lose the ability to do this (usually at an early age). Genetics and other autoimmune factors all play a role in whether a person develops type 1 diabetes. Those with a parent who is diabetic have a roughly 50% chance of developing diabetes, but it has been known to affect otherwise healthy individuals. The long term complications of living with diabetes type 1, which must be treated indefinitely, can result from high or low blood sugar. Low blood sugar can result in seizures or unconsciousness, and high blood sugar can cause damage to various organ groups.
- Type 2 diabetes This form was commonly called adult-onset diabetes. It usually begins in adulthood, but more and more children and adolescents are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. This is almost entirely due to the greatly-increased quantities of refined sugars and processed carbohydrates that we ingest as part of our daily diets. Obesity, a family history of diabetes, and physical inactivity increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Certain ethnic groupings are also at greater risk than others of contracting the disease. Many people with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose with diet, exercise, weight control, and medication. Others must also take insulin. Close to 95% of all people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. The long term complications that can develop in a person with type 2 diabetes are those that are often associated with old age: heart attacks, strokes and heart disease, as well as kidney failure. Sepsis of the limbs, resulting in amputation or death, is also possible.
Because the possible symptoms of diabetes are so varied, people may have diabetes without knowing it. That’s one of the reasons it’s important to have regular check-ups with medical providers, who can detect the disease through blood tests. People with diabetes may:
- Feel very thirsty or hungry
- Have to urinate frequently
- Feel numbness or tingling in their hands or feet
- Have very dry skin
- Have sores that don’t heal
- Feel very tired
- Lose weight
- Have lots of infections
- Check blood sugar before and after exercising.
- Check feet for sores or blisters before or after exercising.
- Wear proper socks and shoes.
- Drink plenty of water before, during, and after exercising.
- Warm up before exercising and cool down after.
- Keep a snack on hand in case blood sugar drops too low during exercise.