Diabetes Problems, Symptoms and Diets

Diabetes is a disease in which the glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high. The hormone insulin usually keeps the blood glucose at the right level. But people with diabetes either can’t produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin well enough, so their blood sugar raises too high.

Major Types of Diabetes
Symptoms of Diabetes
Diets for People with Diabetes
Exercise Helps Control Diabetes

Uncontrolled diabetes can cause heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, and the need for lower-limb amputations.

Major Types of Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

Because the possible symptoms of diabetes are so varied, people may have diabetes without knowing it. That’s one of the reasons it’s important to have regular check-ups with medical providers, who can detect the disease through blood tests.

People with diabetes may:

Diets for People with Diabetes

Healthy eating helps people with diabetes reduce and control their blood sugar levels. Keeping blood sugar low can prevent the serious consequences of diabetes.

A diabetes diet can be simple—a variety of nutritious foods in limited amounts and at regular times. There may be no need for special foods or complicated diet plans. A healthy diet for a person with diabetes includes limited sweets and alcohol, and a lot of low-fat, low-calorie foods.

It is also advisable to eat little and often, rather than three large meals a day, and to include a lot of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole-grain foods.

Special attention must be paid to the type and amount of carbohydrates that one eats.  Diabetics should always avoid bad carbs, or highly refined starches and sugars such as white bread and white pasta.  You should become familiar with the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates, and always shop accordingly.

Eating the same amount of carbohydrates and calories every day helps control both blood sugar and weight. Contact a registered dietician for help with diabetes problems. They can help set up food plans that work well for many diabetes issues.

Exercise Helps Control Diabetes

Because it helps control weight and lower blood sugar, exercise is an important part of diabetes management. Exercise also lowers the risk of heart disease in people with diabetes. The type of exercise depends on the physical and medical condition and exercise experience of the individual. People with diabetes should consult their doctor before starting an exercise routine.

Here are a few general exercise tips for people with diabetes:

Diabetes is a serious disease that requires treatment from a qualified person only. Along with medication and/or insulin, diet and exercise are important parts of healthy living for people with diabetes.

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