The easiest ways of removing fat from the body are regular exercise and a healthy diet. There are, however, several surgical procedures to accomplish this. None of these procedures are intended for long term or permanent weight loss. Once the excess fat is removed, the fat will return to where it was removed, if it is not accompanied by any lifestyle changes. Most of the procedures are expensive, with liposuction costing as much as $20,000. There are also associated risks of surgery.
Some of these are:
- irregularities of the skin, such as seromas, focal skin necrosis, visible or disfiguring scars
- numbness or nerve injury
- adverse drug reactions
- blood clots in the leg or lung
- injury to the abdominal organs
- cardiac arrest and potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias
This is also called fat grafting. It uses the patient’s own body fat to increase volume of fat in other areas of the body. Fat transfers are used for:
- Filling in hollowed cheeks, sunken eyes, wrinkles or indented scars
- Smoothing aged hands
- Augmenting the buttocks, breasts and penis
The results may be unpredictable because much of the transferred fat is absorbed by the body, leaving only about 40 percent in place. More than one treatment may be required to accumulate enough fat in the desired area to achieve the best results.
Liposuction is a surgical procedure to remove excess fat from:
- thighs and buttocks
- chin and neck
The standard method of liposuction is suction-assisted liposuction, where fat is removed from under the skin by a straw-like vacuum-suction cannula. An alternative procedure is laser liposuction which uses thermal and photomechanical energy to break down the body. This procedure may not be right for everybody. Your skin must be elastic enough to shrink after the procedure otherwise it will become baggy. For more information on the different techniques associated with this procedure, see this article.
LipoSelection uses ultrasonic energy (high frequency sound waves) to liquefy and remove unwanted body fat. This method selectively targets fatty tissue, leaving nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue undisturbed. It can also be performed on multiple areas of the body. The procedure is designed to gently sculpt and shape the body and is not intended as a weight loss solution.
This is also called abdominoplasty and involves the removal of excess skin and fat from the abdomen. It is a major surgical procedure, which involves:
- separating the tummy skin from the underlying tissue of the abdomen
- tightening the abdominal muscles using sutures, reducing the waistline
- stretching and removing excess skin is stretched and removed
- draping and suturing the remaining skin in place
Tummy tuck surgery enhances body shape, but it is not a quick fix or a substitute for diet and exercise. This type of surgery is usually sought by patients with loose, sagging skin after pregnancy or individuals with sagging tissue after major weight loss.
Lower Body Lift
This is also called a belt lipectomy. It improves the shape and tone of the underlying tissue that supports fat and skin. Excess sagging fat and skin are removed to treat conditions caused in part by poor tissue elasticity. The best candidate for a body lift has had stable weight and been in a healthy exercise and diet program for 6-12 months.
Methosotherapy is a non-invasive medicine treatment, which employs multiple injections of pharmaceutical and homeopathic medications and other ingredients into the fat tissue. Such injections allegedly target adipose fat cells by inducing lipolysis. Bonds in fat cells break down and the fat dissolves into a liquid, which is eliminated from the body as waste. It is designed to treat small areas of fat in the body. Results can be seen within 2 weeks of treatment. It is a controversial method of fat removal. It has not been approved by the FDA.
More information on fat removal can be found here.